Makupaloja Molesworth Instituutin sanastosta

Norman D Stevens: Archives of Library Research from the Molesworth Institute

Alla muutamia valitsemiani maistiaista aiemmin mainitsemastani Norman D. Stevensin kokoelman ”Archives of Library Research from The Molesworth Institute” (1985, ISBN 0-86656-466-7) ohessa olevasta sanastosta:

  • Administration: The term commonly applied to a small body of tyrants, usually male, who were assigned, but seldom adequately exercised, responsibility for the control and direction of libraries in the late twentieth century. […]
  • Audiovisual services: A manifestation of the antiquated practice of distinguishing oral and visual forms of information from written forms based on those characteristics, and of organizing library services around those distinctions. Analogous to the equally antiquated library practice of distinguishing printed material on the basis of format (e.g., monograph/serial). […]
  • Cataloging: An obsolete term for both a set of especially arcane procedures and a functional unit that dominated library practise in the twentieth century. The procedures, which were taught in hightly specialized courses in library schools and which governed by incomprehensible rules adopted by library associations, involved the most complex techniques imaginable for providing the individual library what if felt were the necessary bibliographic recoded needed to differentiate items in its collections. The quality of local cataloging was often a source of pride so that, despite the advent of shared systems such as OCLC in the last half of the twentieth century, cataloging procedures tended to continue to have a local flavor for a number of years thereafter. The functional unit known as the Cataloging Department was most often located in a remot part of the library building isolated from other staff and users. That unit, which was generally the largest single body of library staff, spent large amounts of time providing exact and precise bibliographic records that were difficult to interpret and of limited use. […]
  • Cooperation: A term, which many variants, used to describe a range of library activities in the nineteeth and twentieth century allegedly designed to enable libraries to work with each other in the sharing of resources to provide better service to all users but which, in effect, were a means whereby individual libraries sought to provide the best service to their own users with the least direct expenditure of funds while making the maximum use, at the least cost, of the resources and services of other libraries.
  • Cross-reference: The technique, once widely used in library and information systems, of confusing users by providing multiple alternative forms of reference to a term, linked to the obscure term actually used in the system, rather than the direct use of the term normally used []
  • Information explosion: The dramatic term adopted by many twentieth century librarians and information scientist to describe the normal expansion of information which they were unprepared and unable to deal with because of their own limitations and those of their primitive information systems.

Teosesittely: Molesworth Instituutin kirjastotutkimukselliset arkistot

Archives of Library Research from the Molesworth Institute

Sain Cycling for librariesiin osallistuneelta Molesworth Instituten tuoreelta johtajalta Katie Herzogilta instituutin julkaiseman, Norman D. Stevensin laatiman artikkelikokoelman Archives of Library Research from The Molesworth Institute (1985, ISBN 0-86656-466-7). Teos on liite Technical Services Quarterlyn kolmanteen vuosikertaan vuodelta 1985.

Kokoelma koostuu 17 artikkelista sekä suppeasta alan sanastosta. Mukana on lukuisia tutkimusraportteja, Molesworth -instituutin toiminnan kuvausta sekä akateemisia tekstejä kirjastojen tilasta, kirjastopalveluista sekä muista aiheista. Mukana ovat kirjastoalan tutkimuksen klassikoiden joukkoon lukeutuvat artikkelit “A Cost Analysis Of a Cost Analysis”, “Umbrella Disappearance, Exchange, and Loss Rates in American Academic Libraries”, “Computer Analysis of Library Postcards” sekä “An Observation on Shelving Practices”.

Suosittelen tätä tarkkasanaista, havainnollista ja hyvin hyödyllistä Archives of Library Research from The Molesworth Institute -teosta jokaiselle kirjastoalalla olevalle ihmiselle. On sääli, ettei teosta pidetä maamme merkittävissä yliopistollisissa laitoksissa (Tampere, Oulu, Åbo) sekä muissa laitoksissa sen ansaitsemassa asemassa ja peruskirjallisuutena, vaan opiskelijoilla luetutetaan surkeampaa kirjallisuutta.

Molesworth -instituutin edustama disjunktiivinen tutkimusperinne hylkää jo monesti toimimattomaksi todetut yritykset käsitellä kirjastoja rationalistisesti, ja sen sijaan lähestyy tutkimuskohdettaan holistisesti. Instituutin oma historia johtaa 1950-luvulle, Rutgersin yliopistossa kirjastotiedettä opiskelleeseen Francis A. T. Johnsiin sekä instituutin ensimmäiseen, vuonna 1963 ALA Bulletinissa julkaistuun tekstiin joka saatesanojen jälkeen avaa tämän Archives of Library Research from The Molesworth Institute -kokoelman. Instituutin johto oli pitkään Norman D. Stevensillä. Vastikään instituutin johto siirtyi siis Katie Herzogille, johon minuun on ollut ilo tutustua. Toivotan Ms. Herzogin uudessa roolissaan avosylin tervetulleeksi kirjastoalaamme lähellä olevaan akadeemian piiriin, ja toivotan menestystä Ms. Herzogille sekä Molesworth instituutille, sekä yleisemmin sen edustamalle disjunktiiviselle kirjastotutkimukselle.